Marine Fish Diseases- Signs, Causes, And Cures

The world of disease is persistent if nothing else. For every life form out there, there’s another one looking to get ahead by ruining the first one’s day. Your fish are no exception. And, much like with the various illnesses that can befall humans, there are a ton of different afflictions marine fish can encounter. This guide doesn’t cover every last one but instead focuses on spotting and curing the handful of diseases you are most likely to encounter. First, a few general notes on how to approach illnesses:   Spotting Illness When an illness breaks out catching it early … Continue reading

Quarantine Tanks- The Why and How of Setup

  A quarantine tank is just want it sounds like- a separate tank designated for the quarantine of sick or potentially sick fish. It serves two main purposes- to provide a safe and controlled place to administer treatments and to prevent disease from reaching your main tank in the first place by providing a location for new arrivals to be checked out. Many medications and treatments are simply unsafe for use in the main tank- they may kill all invertebrates, plants, and algae; wipe out the biological filtration; be difficult to dose correctly; or be difficult to remove when the … Continue reading

Freshwater Fish Diseases- Signs, Causes, And Cures

It’s a fine lazy day and you’re just kicking back and enjoying the aquarium you’ve worked so hard to set up. But wait, something’s off. One of your fish looks like he’s been rolling in the sand. And another seems to have less fins than you remember. And still another is so swollen he looks as though he’s about to burst. All in all, it looks as though your fish are sick! Yup, keep fish long enough and it’s something you’ll have to face eventually, and usually fairly early unfortunately. You see, illness is often preventable, but typically we only … Continue reading

Caring For Goldfish

Caring for goldfish isn’t all that different from caring for any other fish. A clean home with room to grow, meals delivered to their front door, and maybe some decor to give the place a bit of class is about all they ask for. None the less, some of their requirements do vary a bit from those of most other common aquarium fish. They’re not hard to meet, but doing so is key to keeping a happy and healthy goldfish.   Size The number one thing that seems to slip past most people looking to keep goldfish is that they … Continue reading

Your Guide to Live Rock for Your Marine Aquarium

Every reef is built upon solid rock. It’s not quite the same as the rock you might find in your backyard, however. Instead, it’s rock that has literally grown in place as corals have lived and died. Over countless seasons the skeletons these corals leave behind accumulate and eventually fuse to become solid rock. But, solid as it may be, this rock is still fairly soft and so, quite commonly, pieces of it break free from the reef- most often during heavy storms. These broken bits of rock are what is collected and sold as live rock. The rock itself … Continue reading

What To Do With Your Aquarium When You Go On Vacation

All pet owners face the issue from time to time of what to do when they want to, or have to, travel. With most pets it’s pretty simple. Cats, dogs, and the like are easy to move and even non pet people know enough to meet their basic needs. But fish are different. Unless the tank is tiny then it’s not going anywhere and while most people know fish need food the knowledge stops there. And even just properly feeding a tank can be a challenge for someone unfamiliar with fish. Even more so an aquarium relies heavily on lots … Continue reading

Upgrading From a Freshwater Tank To A Saltwater Tank

It seems eventually every successful freshwater aquarist thinks about moving on to a marine tank. It’s easy to see why- the ocean’s bounty is vast with all manner of interesting and often incredibly colorful creatures. But few actually go on to actually set up their first saltwater aquarium. They’re held back by their concerns. These concerns would be perfectly valid were you to dive right in with little to no knowledge or strategy as happens far too often. But with the proper understanding and planning setting up your first saltwater aquarium can be much easier than you had hoped.   … Continue reading

Controlling Algae In Your Aquarium

What is Algae? Algae are a very diverse group of simple mostly unicellular organisms. Many of the various groups of algae types are not even closely related so it’s easier to understand why they can take such a wide array of growth forms, patterns and reproductive strategies among other differences. They are not plants, as even multicellular species lack the organization and specialization typical of plant cells. Algae typically function in much the same way, however- by gathering simple nutrients from their surrounds and converting them to food through photosynthesis, releasing oxygen as a byproduct. Overall algae’s needs are pretty … Continue reading

Picking A Filter For Your Aquarium Setup

Every aquarium needs a filter- it seems to be pretty common knowledge. But beyond that the confusion starts. One glance at the options available at the local pet store or online retailer can leave the beginning aquarist lost in a sea of possibilities. And the manufacturers tend to not make it any easier. No matter what type or size of filter they’re selling it’s the right one for you as far as they’re concerned. This leaves it up to you to pick the best option for your aquarium setup yourself. To do so, you’re going to need a bit of … Continue reading

What Is A Protein Skimmer And Why Do You Need One?

If you’ve even considered setting up a saltwater aquarium you’ve probably already heard the words “protein skimmer”. But what is a protein skimmer anyway? Essentially it’s a type filter. It removes organic compounds before they have a chance to break down and further degrade the water quality or fuel algae growth. But instead of using a filter pad or something like that it employs something know as foam fractionation. Basically, the waste molecules that a protein skimmer excels at removing are bipolar, meaning they have an unbalanced charge. In the context of the aquarium this leads to one end of … Continue reading